Let’s take steps to prepare for tsunami based on correct understanding.
In order to boost awareness of the risks of tsunami and strengthen tsunami countermeasure throughout the world, the United Nations established November 5 as World Tsunami Awareness Day at its General Assembly in December 2015 following a joint proposal made by 142 countries including Japan. This heralded the start of new initiatives in the field of tsunami countermeasures.
As demonstrated by tsunami disasters such as in Chile in 1960, the Philippines in 1976, Papua New Guinea in 1998, Turkey in 1999, Peru in 2001, the countries around the Indian Ocean in 2004, Samoa and Tonga in 2009, and the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, tsunamis have wreaked havoc all over the world and are a common cause for concern in many nations.
1610 B.C. to A.D. 2014 from Earthquakes, Volcanic Eruptions, Landslides, and Other Causes
2011 East Japan
more than 18,000 deaths and missing
2004 Indian Ocean
more than 227,000 deaths
1896 Sanriku, Japan
1883 Krakatoa, Indonesia
1868 Northern Chile
1755 Lisbon earthquake, Portugal
Most destructive tsunamis causing 15,000 or more deaths since 1700
In 2011, the year of the Great East Japan Earthquake, Tsunami Preparedness Day was enacted based on law, and training exercises and education initiatives were launched throughout the country in order to raise public interest and understanding of tsunami countermeasures.
November 5 is the day when, in 1854, a massive tsunami triggered by the Ansei Nankai earthquake （magnitude 8.4） struck the Kii Peninsula. On this day it is said that lives were saved when a country samurai living in a village in Wakayama Prefecture torched piled sheaves （Inamura）of newly harvested rice in order to warn people who had not yet evacuated and guide them to high ground in the darkness. In Japan, Tsunami Preparedness Day was enacted to coincide with this story of “The fire of ‘Inamura （Rice Sheaves）’”.